The wars fought in the former Yugoslavia were fought between the republics that sought sovereignty on one side and the government in Belgrade on the other side that wanted to either prevent their independence or keep large parts of that territory under its control

This ICBS statement concerns the renewal of unrest in the beginning of 2000.

The International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS) have issued the following appeal for the protection of cultural heritage in Yugoslavia.
28 January 2000

ICBS urges all parties in the present conflict in the Balkans to comply with the international treaties relating to armed conflicts, especially the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its new Second Protocol, agreed by 84 countries and two organisations (ICBS, ICRC ) in The Hague on 26 March 1999.